Finally Fully sequenced : The Human Genome which is responsible for our making.
Scientists on Thursday published the first complete human genome, filling in gaps remaining after previous efforts while offering new promise in the search for clues regarding disease-causing mutations and genetic variation among the world's 7.9 billion people.
The sequence is the most complete reference genome for any mammal so far.
The findings from six new papers describing the genome, which were published in Science, should lead to a deeper understanding of human evolution and potentially reveal new targets for addressing a host of diseases.
A genome is a chemical compound. It represents an organism's complete set of DNA. It contains all the information of the past evolution and codes for instructions needed to develop and direct activities to run the life of the organism.
According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, each DNA strand is made of four chemical substances, called nucleotide bases.
These bases carry what we call the genetic information. Each base is represented by one of the four letters A, T, C and G. They are arranged in pairs.
In the future, when someone has their genome sequenced, we will be able to identify all of the variants in their DNA and use that information to better guide their healthcare. The new DNA sequences provided fresh detail about the region around what is called the centromere, where chromosomes are grabbed and pulled apart when cells divide to ensure that each "daughter" cell inherits the proper number of chromosomes.
The creation of the first gapless sequence won't be the end of the researchers' efforts, however. They estimate that around 0.3% of the genome could contain errors, and researchers will need better methods of quality control to verify these hard-to-sequence regions.