Our planet might have contributed to some water on the moon: NASA’s future Moon Base may have water from Earth’s atmosphere

As per NASA, the construction of Artemis’ moon base camps will start at the lunar south pole because scientists have spotted lots of frozen water.

NASA plans to send a crew of astronauts to the moon in 2025 armed with the exciting task of building the first-ever lunar science base. It's an ambitious dream that stems from the agency's overarching Artemis mission, of which this year's Artemis I lift-off is the first vital step. 

To be comfortable in any and every sci-fi extra terrestrial space station, astronauts need water. According to a paper published in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers claim that there may be lot mor water on moon than we are expecting. Surprisingly, they believe this water is originating from the Earth itself.

the moon doesn’t have a magnetosphere of its own and would hence not be capable of repelling these particles back to Earth. Hence, it had to accept them on its surface.

Several forces could be at play in the delivery or creation of this water. Micrometeorites raining down on the lunar surface, carrying small amounts of water, could deposit the water on the lunar surface upon impact.

Another possibility is there could be a two-step process whereby the Sun’s solar wind delivers hydrogen to the lunar surface and causes a chemical reaction with oxygen-bearing minerals in the soil to create hydroxyl. Meanwhile, radiation from the bombardment of micrometeorites could be transforming that hydroxyl into water.

“Water is a valuable resource, for both scientific purposes and for use by our explorers,” said Jacob Bleacher, chief exploration scientist for NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. “If we can use the resources at the Moon, then we can carry less water and more equipment to help enable new scientific discoveries.”